世界经济 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 97-121.

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移民网络与离岸服务外包

苗翠芬1, 崔凡1, 吴伟华2   

  1. 1 对外经济贸易大学国际经济贸易学院 北京市朝阳区惠新东街10号 100029;
    2 对外经济贸易大学中国开放经济与国际科技合作战略研究中心
  • 出版日期:2020-01-10 发布日期:2020-01-21
  • 通讯作者: 苗翠芬(通讯作者):电子信箱:18518176995@163.com E-mail:18518176995@163.com
  • 作者简介:崔凡:电子信箱:uibecuifan@163.com;吴伟华:电子信箱:weihua-mail@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目"全球‘规则协调’的经济与福利影响研究"(16JJD79007)和对外经济贸易大学研究生科研创新基金(201901)的资助

Migrant Networks and Service Offshoring

Miao Cuifen1, Cui Fan1, Wu Weihua2   

  • Online:2020-01-10 Published:2020-01-21

摘要: 自20世纪90年代以来,商业和社会网络,特别是移民网络,在克服国际贸易非正式壁垒中的重要性得到了广泛认可。移民网络促进了国际贸易中的正式和非正式关联,并进一步形成了相互关联的国际网络。本文从移民网络角度考察了影响离岸服务外包的因素,研究发现:移民网络有助于降低监管政策差异引致的固定成本,同时提高怀旧交易的可能性,产生需求偏好机制;静态和动态引力模型回归结果均表明移民网络与服务外包承接规模显著正相关;除GDP和地理距离等传统因素外,移民网络和其他控制变量解释了总体方差的11%,其中有33%-68%由移民网络解释。

关键词: 移民网络, 离岸服务外包, 理论机制, 引力模型

Abstract: Since the 1990s, the importance of business and social networks, particularly migrant networks, have been widely recognized as a way to overcome informal barriers to international trade. Migrant networks promote formal and informal connections within international trade and further shape interrelated international networks. Based on this, the paper investigates the factors affecting service offshoring from the perspective of migrant networks and it finds that:(1) migrant networks contribute to reducing the fixed costs due to differences in regulatory policies, while improving the odds of nostalgic trade, which generate demand preference mechanisms; (2) static and dynamic gravity models both show that migrant networks have a significantly positive impact on service offshoring; and (3) in addition to the traditional factors, such as GDP and geographical distance, migrant networks and other control covariates account for 11% of the total variation, of which 33% to 68% is explained by migrant networks. To some extent, this study fills the gap in research studies related to service offshoring from the point of view of migrant networks.

Key words: migrant networks, service offshoring, theoretical mechanisms, gravity model