世界经济 ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 3-24.

• •    下一篇

劳动力质量与民营企业劳动生产率:马克思主义视角的研究

刘一鸣1, 王艺明2   

  1. 1. 山东大学经济学院 济南市历下区山大南路27号;
    2. 厦门大学王亚南经济研究院 厦门市思明区思明南路422号 361005
  • 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-01-23
  • 通讯作者: 王艺明(通讯作者):厦门大学王亚南经济研究院厦门市思明区思明南路422号361005,电子信箱:wym@xmu.edu.cn。 E-mail:wym@xmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘一鸣:山东大学经济学院济南市历下区山大南路27号,电子信箱:liuyiming@sdu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    第67批中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2020M672030)和2020年山东省博士后创新项目(202003001)的资助。

Labour Quality and Labour Productivity of Chinese Private-owned Enterprises:A Study from a Marxist Economic Perspective

Liu Yiming1, Wang Yiming2   

  • Online:2021-01-10 Published:2021-01-23

摘要: 处于转型期的中国面临着国民经济发展的严峻挑战,民营企业作为国民经济、社会发展的生力军,是扩大就业、改善民生、促进创业创新的重要力量。本文应用马克思主义经济学方法,构建了衡量民营企业劳动生产率的经济指标,作为企业生产经营绩效的代理变量,分析了劳动力质量对企业劳动生产率提高的影响,并采用2004-2014年中国私营企业调查数据进行了经验检验。研究发现,整体上劳动力质量提高对民营企业劳动生产率的提高有显著正向影响。要发挥劳动力质量对生产的推动作用,应把劳动者与高技术设备、先进技术和其他具有增长激励的投资更好地结合起来,同时,应通过改善营商环境和经济发展方式,更好地发挥民营企业家和劳动者的生产积极性。

关键词: 民营企业, 劳动力质量, 劳动生产率

Abstract: In the transition period, China is facing serious challenges in developing its national economy.As the main source of economic and social development at the national level, private enterprises are an important force in increasing employment, improving people's livelihoods and promoting entrepreneurial innovation.In today's economic context, the study of how to improve the productive and operational performance of private enterprises is of significant theoretical and practical relevance.This paper employs Marxist economic methods to construct economic indicators to measure the labour productivity of private enterprises, as a representative variable of their productive and operational performance, and to analyse the impact of labour quality on increasing the labour productivity of enterprises.Using survey data from Chinese private enterprises from between 2004 and 2014 for empirical analysis, it notes that the overall improvement in labour quality has a significant positive impact on the increase in the labour productivity of private enterprises.Workers should be better integrated with high-tech equipment, advanced technologies and other investments that provide growth incentives in order to strengthen the effects of labour quality on promoting production.At the same time, the production enthusiasm of private entrepreneurs and workers should be better directed by modernizing the business environment and economic development methods.

Key words: private-owned enterprises, labour quality, labour productivity