世界经济 ›› 2017, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (6): 98-119.

• 马克思主义与当代世界经济学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

地方保护、所有制差异与企业市场扩张选择

叶宁华1, 张伯伟2   

  1. 1. 厦门大学经济学院;
    2. 南开大学经济学院
  • 出版日期:2017-06-10 发布日期:2017-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 张伯伟:zhangbowei@nankai.edu.cn E-mail:zhangbowei@nankai.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:叶宁华:nyexmu@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    作者感谢国家自然科学基金(71603221)、教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(16YJC790125)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(20720161071)的资助

Local Protectionism, Ownership and Firms' Market Expansion Choices

Ye Ninghua1, Zhang Bowei2   

  • Online:2017-06-10 Published:2017-06-15

摘要: 本文基于世界银行2003年中国企业调研数据,考察了地方保护对企业市场扩张选择的影响。研究发现,地方保护主义对企业外部市场扩张的影响存在显著所有制差异,同样是进行区域间市场扩张,地方保护显著降低了本土企业进入跨区域市场的概率,而对外资企业却不显著。进一步研究发现,获得国内区域间市场规模的本土企业具有更高的研发投入和再投资比重,相反,出口比重越高的本土企业其研发投入越低,且更倾向于停留在简单再生产阶段。本文研究表明,在外部市场扩张带来规模经济效应这一点上,国际贸易并不能完全替代国内贸易。因此,消除地方保护不仅有利于本土企业获得国内统一大市场的规模效应,而且对中国经济增长模式的转型升级具有深远意义。

关键词: 地方保护, 所有制差异, 市场扩张, 研发投资

Abstract: This paper uses Chinese firms' survey data collected by the World Bank in 2003 to study the effect of local protectionism on firms' market expansion choices. In general, we find heterogeneous effects of local protectionism on firms' market expansion choices, implying the disparate consequences of local protectionism between the local enterprises and foreign firms. The results show that local protectionism significantly hinder local firms' cross-regional markets entry. Such a negative role of local protectionism, however, fails to exist for foreign firms. Further study shows that local firms with domestic market entry spend more on R&D investment and reinvestment. In contrast, the larger the export proportion is, the lesser the local firms spend on R&D investment. Our analysis indicates that international trade cannot completely replace domestic trade as to the scale of economy effect of external market expansion, and confirms the importance of eliminating local protectionism.

Key words: local protectionism, ownership, market expansion choice, R&D investment

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