世界经济 ›› 2017, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (4): 147-166.

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换位经历是否会促进换位思考:来自经济学实验的证据

何浩然1, 周业安2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院 100875;
    2. 中国人民大学经济学院 100872
  • 出版日期:2017-04-10 发布日期:2017-05-05
  • 作者简介:何浩然,电子信箱:haoran.he@bnu.edu.cn;周业安,电子信箱:rendayean@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    感谢国家自然科学基金(71303022、71503255)、教育部人文社会科学研究基金(13YJC790039)的资助。

Does Role Exchange Experience Affect Perspective-Taking? Evidence from an Economic Experiment

He Haoran1, Zhou Yean2   

  • Online:2017-04-10 Published:2017-05-05
  • Contact: 2017-05-05

摘要: 策略互动中经常出现偏离传统博弈论均衡的行为。本文通过在重复开展的两次最后通牒博弈实验中交换或固定决策者的博弈角色,并在开展决策前操控是否披露交换或固定角色的信息,研究实际角色转换经历及信息披露对策略互动的影响。研究结果表明,是否变换角色以及是否披露信息均对决策不产生影响,在策略互动中的实际换位经历并不会促进换位思考或改变策略互动中的决策。本文对所发现的现象提出了基于情感角度的可能解释。

关键词: 角色转换, 信息披露, 共情, 最后通牒博弈

Abstract: Observed behavior commonly deviates from the equilibrium of homoeconomicus models. Using two ultimatum games in sequence, we investigate the impacts of role exchange on decisions in sequential strategic interaction and whether or not such decisions can be affected by the information about this role exchange disclosed prior to the decision making process in the first game. This paper shows that neither role exchange nor information disclosure affects decisions, suggesting that actual role exchange does not change decisions via promoting perspective-taking. Furthermore, an alternative emotion-based interpretation is discussed.

Key words: empathy, role reversal, information disclosure, ultimatum game

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