世界经济 ›› 2016, Vol. ›› Issue (12): 3-21.

• 马克思主义研究专栏 •    下一篇

动态价值转形理论:模型与模拟演示

严金强1, 马艳2, 蔡民强2   

  1. 1. 复旦大学马克思主义学院;
    2. 上海财经大学经济学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-01 出版日期:2016-12-10 发布日期:2017-01-03
  • 作者简介:严金强,电子信箱:yanjinqiang2006@163.com;马艳,电子信箱:yanma@mail.shufe.edu.cn;蔡民强,电子信箱:caiminqiang@126.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重点项目“现代政治经济学重大前沿问题的理论与实证研究”(12AJL003)和复旦大学全国重点马院建设项目。

Dynamic Value Transformation: Model and Simulated Demonstration

Yan Jinqiang1, Ma Yan2, Cai Minqiang2   

  • Received:2016-08-01 Online:2016-12-10 Published:2017-01-03

摘要: 目前关于价值转形问题的研究大多注重转形结果,特别是“总计一致二命题”的分析,将其视为马克思生产价格理论的核心命题,往往陷入转形的“技术陷阱”。其原因在于忽视了两个关键问题:一是促使价值转为生产价格的动态化作用机理;二是体现活劳动价值一元论的“第三个不变性方程”。本文在构建基于资本流动和“第三个不变性方程”的动态价值转形模型基础上,运用计算机软件matlab对平均利润率和生产价格的动态形成过程进行仿真模拟演示,以展示价值转形的动态转化机制,验证“等量活劳动创造等量价值”的转形命题,论证动态转形模型的合逻辑性和可操作性。

关键词: 动态转形, 平均利润率形成机制, 不变性方程

Abstract: Current research on the value transformation problem pays too much attention on the transformation results and often falls into the "technical traps" of transformation. It is especially the case for the analysis of "the proposition of two equations", which is regarded as the core proposition of Marx's theory of production price. This paper shows that this is due to the neglect of two key problems:one is the dynamic mechanism of promoting the transformation from value to production, and the other is "the three equations of invariance" which embodied the labor value theory. In this paper, we construct a special dynamic model of transformation value based on capital flows and "the three equations of invariance", and use computer software MATLAB to simulate the dynamic forming process of the average rate of profit and production price. The simulation can demonstrate the dynamic transformation mechanism, verify the fact that "equal amount of labor creates equal value", and show that the dynamic transformation model is logical and exercisable.

Key words: dynamic transformation, formation mechanism of average profit, invariance equation, simulated demonstration

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