世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 99-123.

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城市异质性、制度供给与创新质量

金培振1, 殷德生1, 金桩2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学经济学院 华东师范大学中国金融研究院 上海市普陀区中山北路3663号 200062;
    2. 内蒙古财经大学金融学院 内蒙古呼和浩特市回民区北二环路185号 010070
  • 出版日期:2019-11-10 发布日期:2019-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 殷德生(通讯作者),电子邮箱:dsyin@finance.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:dsyin@finance.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:金培振,电子邮箱:king19861231@163.com;金桩,电子邮箱:Jinzhuang@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(71904051)、中国博士后科学基金第12批特别资助项目(2019T120315)、中国博士后科学基金64批面上一等资助项目(2018M640354)、上海市"超级博士后"激励计划的支持。

Urban Heterogeneity, Institution Supply and Innovation Quality

Jin Peizhen1, Yin Desheng1, Jin Zhuang2   

  • Online:2019-11-10 Published:2019-11-20

摘要: 本文基于城市异质性视角探讨制度供给与创新质量的关系。通过搜集2003-2016年中国283个城市涉及知识产权与环境保护的制度文本,整理得到城市发明、绿色技术和产学研结合专利数据。在考虑城市地理区位和经济发展水平的前提下,结合空间计量模型分析制度供给如何影响中国城市的实质性、可持续和协同式创新。研究发现:制度供给导致不同城市的高质量专利在数量与结构方面呈现空间分化趋势,其作用于创新质量的空间溢出方向和溢出距离也受城市异质性影响而表现各异。创新要素培育与配置是制度供给影响城市创新质量的重要机制。充分理解中国城市的异质性是构建高效率制度供给体系的基础。

关键词: 城市异质性, 制度供给, 创新质量, 空间溢出效应

Abstract: Based on the perspective of urban heterogeneity,this paper investigates the relationship between institutional supply and innovation quality through the use of institutional texts on intellectual property rights and environmental protection collected from 283 Chinese cities between 2003 and 2016,as well as data on urban invention patents, green technology patents and patents from collaborative relationships between industry,universities and research.Taking into account the spatial econometric model as a premise, the paper analyse show institutional supply affects the substantive, sustainable and collaborative innovations of Chinese cities,considering their urban geographic location and economic development level. The results of the research find that institutional supply leads to spatial differentiation of high-quality patents in different cities in terms of quantity and structure, and that the direction and distance of spatial spillover affecting innovation quality are influenced by urban heterogeneity. The cultivation and allocation of innovation factors is an important mechanism by which institutional supply can influence the quality of urban innovation. The key point for achieving high-quality innovation in the future is therefore building a highly efficient institutional supply system based on a full understanding of China's urban heterogeneity.

Key words: urban heterogeneity, institutional supply, innovation quality, spatial spillover effect

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