世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 74-98.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

劳动保护与制造业生产率进步

李波1, 蒋殿春2   

  1. 1. 云南大学经济学院;
    2. 南开大学经济学院天津市南开区卫津路94号 300071
  • 出版日期:2019-11-10 发布日期:2019-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 蒋殿春(通讯作者),电子信箱:jdc@nankai.edu.cn E-mail:jdc@nankai.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李波,电子信箱:blee_109@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71763031)、云南大学一流大学建设区域合作理论创新高地项目和发展经济学理论创新高地项目(C176240103)、云南大学"东陆中青年骨干教师"培养计划的资助。

Labour Protection and Manufacturing Productivity Improvement

Li Bo1, Jiang Dianchun2   

  • Online:2019-11-10 Published:2019-11-20

摘要: 本文利用2004-2013年中国工业企业数据,以2008年《劳动合同法》实施为外生冲击,采用双重差分模型研究劳动保护对制造业生产率的影响。研究发现:《劳动合同法》实施会促进较高劳动密集度行业企业生产率进步,其中的机制在于面对劳动保护加强产生的经营压力,企业会通过增加企业培训经费投入和要素替代程度而提高企业生产率;且这一促进作用对单产品企业、国有企业、经营时间较长企业以及劳动力再配置程度较高行业企业影响更大;进一步地,《劳动合同法》实施还会通过提升存活企业自身生产率水平,改进存活企业间资源再配置效率,提高低生产率企业退出率,促进较高劳动密集度行业生产率增长。

关键词: 劳动保护, 劳动合同法, 劳动密集度, 生产率

Abstract: Based on data from Chinese industrial enterprises from 2004 to 2013,this paper considers the implementation of the 2008 Labour Contract Law as an exogenous shock and uses the difference in differences technique to study the impact of labour protection on manufacturing productivity.The research shows that the implementation of the Labour Contract Law significantly promotes the productivity growth of enterprises in high-labour-intensive industries by increasing investment in training funds and the factor substitution degree;however,this promotion has a greater impact on single-product enterprises,state-owned enterprises,enterprises with longer operating hours,and industrial enterprises with a higher degree of labour reallocation. The implementation of the Labour Contract Law will also promote productivity growth within high-labour-intensive industries by improving the productivity level of existing enterprises and efficiency in reallocating resources among them,and increasing the exit rate of enterprises with a low productivity level.

Key words: labour protection, labour contract law, labour intensity, productivity

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