世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 3-26.

• 马克思主义研究专题 •    下一篇

从单一生产到联合生产的国际价值决定论

宋树理1, 姚庐清2   

  1. 1. 浙江外国语学院国际经济贸易系 拉丁美洲研究所 浙江省杭州市西湖区留和路299号 310023;
    2. 上海师范大学马克思主义学院
  • 出版日期:2019-11-10 发布日期:2019-11-20
  • 作者简介:宋树理,电子信箱:songshuli2012@126.com;姚庐清,电子信箱:ylq543210@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    2019年度浙江外国语学院博达青年教师科研提升专项计划项目"基于国际不平等交换模型的中拉对等贸易合作战略研究"资助。

The Determination of International Value from Single to Joint Production

Song Shuli1, Yao Luqing2   

  • Online:2019-11-10 Published:2019-11-20

摘要: 本文基于马克思主义经济学的基本假定条件,从一般生产过程的单一生产模式到联合生产模式,顺次推导国际交换商品的单位、行业和国家的国际价值量3个决定表达式,诠释世界劳动的国际价值规律,继而量化比较不同含义的世界必要劳动时间在国际价值形成和实现过程中发挥决定作用的异同性,以及明确世界市场供求关系变化影响的必要性。进一步说明,在开放经济中,单位商品的国别价值决定同样要满足世界必需总量的比例要求,而且在不同发达程度国家之间正常商品和可兑换货币的交换中,剩余价值一般是从发达程度较高国家向发达程度较低国家实现国际转移,形成超额利润。

关键词: 联合生产, 国际价值, 世界必要劳动时间, 劳动分配, 超额利润

Abstract: Under the basic assumptions of the Marxism economics, this paper infers the equation governing the determination of the unit international value, industrial international value and national international value of export commodities according to the logic of a particular single production aimed at a general joint production. The paper interprets the labour theory that leads to the determination of international value, quantitatively compares the similarities and differences between the different meanings of the globally necessary labour time, effectively playing a decisive role in the formation and realisation process of the international value, and clarifies the need for a change in the relationship between supply and demand in the global market. In an open economy, determining the unit national value of commodities must also meet the globally-required aggregate value, and the surplus value generated from the exchange of economic goods and convertible currencies between countries with varying degrees of development is generally achieved from international transfers made from countries with a lower level of development to countries with a higher level of development, which results in an excess of profits.

Key words: joint production, international value, globally necessary labour time, labour distribution, excess of profits

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