世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 23-48.

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贸易强国指数的跨国经验分析

毛日昇   

  1. 中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所 北京市东城区建国门内大街5号 100732
  • 出版日期:2019-10-10 发布日期:2019-10-24
  • 作者简介:毛日昇,电子信箱:gilbertmao@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部创新团队发展计划"中国-东盟区域发展"(IRT_17R27)的资助。

A Measurement of Trade Power Index across Countries

Mao Risheng   

  • Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-10-24

摘要: 本文采用1996-2016年联合国HS6位码贸易产品数据和OECD_TiVA贸易增加值数据,在国家、产业及产品层面测算对比了中国、美国、德国和日本贸易综合竞争力变化状况。测算结果表明:首先,中国综合贸易竞争力指数总体上已经先后超越日本和德国,但无论从出口还是进口角度来看,直到2016年中国与美国贸易竞争力指数仍然存在显著差距,在进口贸易竞争力方面的差距尤为明显。其次,中国贸易竞争力指数上升主要来自出口和进口市场份额的快速扩张,德国和日本贸易品相对价格优势对贸易竞争力提升贡献度突出。最后,中国出口产品质量升级速度显著高于发达国家,但进口产品的相对竞争力没有得到显著提升。

关键词: 贸易强国, 出口竞争力, 进口竞争力, 质量升级

Abstract: Combining data on HS 6-digit commercial products from UN Comtrade and value-added trade data from OECD TiVA during the period of 1996 to 2016, this study investigates changes in trade competitiveness at the national, industrial and product levels across four countries:China, Germany, Japan and the United States.Statistical results first reveal that China's overall trade competitiveness index has already surpassed that of Japan and Germany, but, from an export and import perspective, by 2016 it still lagged behind the US index; second, the increase in China's trade competitiveness index is mainly attributed to the rapid expansion of the market share of exports and imports, while the upgrading of the relative price advantage of German and Japanese trade products in promoting trade competitiveness is prevalent; and third, China's export product quality upgrading is significantly greater than that of the export products produced by the other three developed countries, however, there is no substantial upgrading trend in the competitiveness of China's import products.

Key words: trade competitiveness, export competitiveness, import competitiveness, quality upgrading

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