世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 143-168.

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国内价值链、市场化程度与经济增长的溢出效应

苏丹妮1, 盛斌1, 邵朝对2   

  1. 1. 南开大学经济学院国际经济研究所;
    2. 南开大学经济学院国际经济贸易系 天津市卫津路94号 300071
  • 出版日期:2019-10-10 发布日期:2019-10-24
  • 通讯作者: 邵朝对 E-mail:duidui19900423@126.com
  • 作者简介:苏丹妮,电子信箱:sudanni1990@163.com;盛斌,电子信箱:shengbin@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(71903102)、中国博士后科学基金面上一等资助项目(2018M640223)以及中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(63192213)的资助。

National Value Chain, Marketization and Spillover Effect of Economic Growth

Su Danni1, Sheng Bin1, Shao Chaodui2   

  • Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-10-24

摘要: 本文利用2002、2007和2010年中国30个省(区市)区域间投入产出表探讨了包含地区-产业双重维度国内价值链(NVC)分工网络下经济增长的溢出效应,并基于"微笑曲线"理论从静态和动态两个维度将这一溢出效应解构为静态制造前、后向溢出效应及动态制造前后追赶-竞争效应三种溢出机制,拓展分析了市场化程度对NVC溢出效应的作用。结果表明:中国经济增长通过NVC联结的分工网络产生了显著溢出效应,且以后向溢出效应为主,伴随先产品市场后要素市场渐进性改革而出现的NVC"上游环节垄断分割、下游环节竞争开放"的非对称结构是其主要原因。市场化程度高能够增强NVC三种溢出机制的有效发挥,从而放大经济增长通过NVC分工网络产生的溢出效应。

关键词: 国内价值链, 经济增长, 溢出效应, 市场化程度, 空间计量

Abstract: This paper uses 2002, 2007 and 2010 interregional input-output tables for China to discuss the spillover effects of economic growth in the NVC linked labour division network with regional-industrial dimensions, further deconstructing this spillover effect into three types of embodiment mechanisms, from static and dynamic dimensions, based on the "smile curve" theory, specifically the pre-manufacturing stages' forward spillover, the post-manufacturing stages' backward spillover and the pre- and post-manufacturing stages' catching-up and competition effect, then analysing the effect of the marketization degree on NVC spillover. The results reveal that:China's economic growth produces significant spillover effects through the NVC linked labour division network, and this spillover effect is mainly caused by the backward spillover effect. The asymmetric structure of NVC "upstream monopolistic-segmentation and downstream competition-opening" accompanied by the gradual reform of the product market prior and the factor market later is a potential reason for this. At the same time, a higher degree of marketization can improve the effective use of NVC's three spillover mechanisms, thereby amplifying the economic growth spillover effects through the NVC linked labour division network.

Key words: national value chain (NVC), economic growth, spillover effect, marketization degree, spatial econometrics

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