世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 145-170.

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企业出口国内附加值的政策效应:来自加工贸易的证据

胡浩然, 李坤望   

  1. 南开大学经济学院 南开大学国际经济贸易系 天津市南开区卫津路94号 300071
  • 出版日期:2019-07-10 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 胡浩然(通讯作者),电子信箱:hhr20151@163.com E-mail:hhr20151@163.com
  • 作者简介:李坤望,电子信箱:likunwang@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(71473133)的资助。

Policy Effect on Domestic Value Added: Evidence from the Processing Trade

Hu Haoran, Li Kunwang   

  • Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-25

摘要: 2003年中国首次明确推动加工贸易转型升级的国家战略,其中一个重要目标是提高企业出口的国内附加值率。本文使用双重差分法考察转型升级政策对企业出口国内附加值率的影响。研究结果表明,贸易转型升级政策提升了加工贸易企业的国内附加值率,并且通过多重检验得到稳健一致的结论。微观机制检验结果表明,国内附加值率的提升过程与企业动态变化和经营主体结构调整密切相关,转型升级政策通过促进企业退出、进入和贸易方式转化等形式对提升企业出口的国内附加值率起到了积极作用。

关键词: 转型升级, 加工贸易, 国内附加值率, 企业动态

Abstract: In 2003, China made its national strategy to promote transformation and upgrading of the processing trade clear for the first time;one of the important objectives was to increase the domestic value added rate of enterprise exports. This paper uses the difference-in-difference technique to investigate the impact of the transformation and upgrading of policies on the domestic value-added rate of enterprise exportation. The results show that trade transformation and upgrading policies enhance the domestic value added rate of processing trade enterprises and a robust and consistent conclusion is drawn from multiple tests. The results of the micro-mechanism test show that the process of upgrading the domestic value added rate is closely related to the dynamic changes in the enterprises and the structural adjustment of the business entities. The transformation and upgrading policies play a positive role in enhancing the domestic value added rate of enterprise exportation through the transformation of enterprises'exit, entry and changes in trade patterns.

Key words: transformation and upgrading, processing trade, domestic value added rate, firm dynamics

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