世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 71-93.

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中国混合出口企业生产率研究:经验事实与理论解释

王永进, 冯笑   

  1. 南开大学经济学院国际经济与贸易系 中国特色社会主义经济建设协同中心天津市南开区卫津路94号 300071
  • 出版日期:2019-07-10 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 冯笑(通讯作者),电子信箱:fengxiaonku@163.com E-mail:fengxiaonku@163.com
  • 作者简介:王永进,电子信箱:wyjin17@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(71573141、71673150、71473133)的资助。

A Research of Productivity in China's Dual-Channel Exporters: Empirical Facts and Theoretical Analysis

Wang Yongjin, Feng Xiao   

  • Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-25

摘要: 本文通过比较不同出口方式企业的生产和出口特征,结合理论模型对中国混合出口企业的经验事实进行了分析。研究发现:混合出口企业的生产率显著高于直接、代销和间接出口企业。此外,混合出口企业在总产出、销售收入、产品附加值、总资产、利润、研发支出、广告费用及产品种类等其他生产方面也显著高于其他企业,但其价格加成较低;在出口方面,混合出口企业倾向于将核心产品直接出口,相对于其他类型企业其总出口规模最大,但直接出口部分的产品价格和质量较低,目的国和产品种类较为集中,主要表现为向市场规模较大、距离较远、进口审批成本和契约执行成本较低的国家或地区销售劳动密集型、契约密集型以及产品差异小的行业产品。

关键词: 混合出口, 多产品企业, 生产率

Abstract: By comparing the production and export characteristics of different exporters, this paper uses the theoretical model to analyse empirical evidence of Chinese dual-channel exporters. The study shows that the productivity of dual-channel exporters is significantly higher than that of direct, carry-along and indirect exporters. Dual-channel exporters are also significantly higher than other companies in terms of total output, sales revenue, product value-added, total assets, profits, R&D expenditure, advertising expenses and other production aspects, such as product types, while lowering the price markup. In terms of exports, dual-channel exporters present a higher total volume of exports and tend to directly export core products; however, prices and quality of products in the direct export segment are relatively low. The destination countries and the type of exported products are mainly concentrated in countries or regions with large-scale and long-distance markets, lower cost import approval and contract execution and industrial product sales that have small differences and are labour and contract intensive.

Key words: dual-channel exporters, multi-product enterprise, productivity

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