世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 47-71.

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国际外部需求、关税传导与消费品价格

孙浦阳1, 张甜甜2   

  1. 1. 南开大学跨国公司研究中心 南开大学经济学院国际经济贸易系;
    2. 南开大学中国特色社会主义经济建设协同创新中心 天津市卫津路94号 300071
  • 出版日期:2019-06-10 发布日期:2019-06-17
  • 通讯作者: 张甜甜,电子信箱:Daisy_Blooming@163.com E-mail:Daisy_Blooming@163.com
  • 作者简介:孙浦阳,电子信箱:puyangsun@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部重点研究基地重大研究项目(16JJD790026)"外资政策调整,产业升级与出口竞争力"和霍英东教育基金会高等院校青年教师研究课题(161080)的资助。

External Demand, Tariff Pass-Through and Price of Consumer Goods

Sun Puyang1, Zhang Tiantian2   

  • Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-06-17

摘要: 本文基于关税传导研究框架,研究了国际市场需求变化对中国国内消费市场的影响。通过匹配商品进口关税、国内消费价格及海关贸易数据,度量了国内不同消费市场的国际外部需求,刻画出中国2000-2010年126个地级市70种消费商品的关税传导路径。研究结果表明:在国际外部需求越高的地区,企业通过出口规避进口竞争的意愿越强,国内市场最终价格受关税影响越小,关税传导机制发挥越弱;此外,非参数估计结果显示国际外部需求上升带来的这种阻碍作用存在显著的边际递增效应。

关键词: 关税传导, 国际外部需求, 竞争

Abstract: This paper studies for the first time the impact that international market demand exerts on the domestic consumer market based on a research framework using the tariff pass-through.By matching import tariffs, domestic consumer prices and customs trade data, the external demand for the different domestic consumer markets is calculated, and the tariff pass-through mechanism that accurately covers 70 varieties of consumer goods in 126 Chinese prefectural-level cities between 2000 and 2010 is described.The results show that the suppliers of the domestic markets with a high external demand tend to have a greater impetus when exporting to avoid the competition caused by the tariff reduction, resulting in the final price of the commodity being less impacted and indicating that the tariff pass-through mechanism is weakened by external demand.The non-parametric estimate indicates that the lower the tariff, the greater the impediment will be.The paper fills in the existing gap in studies on the impact of external demand on the market from the perspective of retail prices by linking international and domestic consumer markets.

Key words: tariff pass-through, external demand, competition

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