世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 3-26.

• 马克思主义研究专题 •    下一篇

价值、价格和产量:兼评所谓的“世纪之谜”

冯金华   

  1. 上海财经大学马克思主义学院 上海市国定路777号 200433
  • 出版日期:2019-03-10 发布日期:2019-03-25
  • 作者简介:冯金华:电子邮箱:fengjinhua1957@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金项目"一般均衡价格与价值研究"(15BJL007)的资助

Value, Price and Output: With Additional Discussion on the So-Called “Mystery of the Century”

Feng Jinhua   

  • Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-25

摘要: 本文首先根据价值规律的两个基本内容,即"等价交换"和"劳动决定价值",确定任意一种商品的单位价值量上升、下降和保持不变的条件,然后引入"其他情况不变"(即在着重考察某一商品市场时,保持所有其他商品的价格、产量、价值以及整个经济的劳动总量不变)的假定,说明任意一种商品的单位价值量与价格的关系及其动态变化规律。特别是说明,随着任意一种商品劳动生产力提高和单位价值量下降,相应的价格既有可能下降,也有可能上升,从而破解所谓的"世纪之谜"。同时也说明对价格的解释,劳动价值论既非"多余",也不"片面",更没有"矛盾"。

关键词: 价值, 价格, 产量, 世纪之谜

Abstract: According to the two basic concepts of the law of value such as "equivalent exchange" and "value determined by labor",this paper elaborates conditions for any commodity's unit value rising,declining or unchanging.Then by introducing the assumption of ceteris paribus(i.e.,when focusing on one commodity,the price, output and value of all other commodities and the total amount of labor being equal),this paper demonstrates the relationship and dynamics of value and price, especially with the increasing productivity and declining unit value of any commodity, the corresponding price may decline or rise.Therefore,the so-called "mystery of the century" does not exist,and there is no reason to believe that the labor theory of value is unnecessary,one-sided and contradictory in explaining price.

Key words: value, price, output, mystery of the century

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