世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 97-121.

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环境规制影响加总生产率的机制和效应分析

王勇1, 李雅楠2, 俞海1   

  1. 1. 生态环境部环境与经济政策研究中心 北京市朝阳区育慧南路1号 100029;
    2. 首都经济贸易大学劳动经济学院 北京市丰台区花乡张家路口121号 100070
  • 出版日期:2019-02-10 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 俞海:电子信箱:yu.hai@prcee.org E-mail:yu.hai@prcee.org
  • 作者简介:王勇:电子信箱:wangyong_1228@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金项目(18BJL061)的资助。

Environmental Regulation and the Evolution of Aggregate Productivity: Identifying Its Mechanism and Deconstructing Its Effect

Wang Yong1, Li Yanan2, Yu Hai1   

  • Online:2019-02-10 Published:2019-02-25

摘要: 基于中国工业企业1998-2007年微观数据,本文从企业内和企业间效应考察了环境规制影响加总生产率增长的机制路径及其效应大小。结果表明:环境规制引致产出更多地向高生产率企业配置,同时促使低生产率企业退出,有利于资源在企业间的优化再配置。同时,环境规制抑制了企业生产率增长,环境规制可能诱发的创新补偿效应并未呈现。通过计算不同机制路径对行业加总生产率增长的贡献发现,环境规制对行业加总生产率的影响较小,企业内效应微乎其微,环境规制主要通过企业间效应影响加总生产率增长。企业更替效应未能在环境规制驱动行业加总生产率增长中发挥应有的作用,这为发挥环境保护在供给侧结构性改革中的积极作用提供了经验证据。

关键词: 环境规制, 加总生产率, 企业内效应, 企业间效应

Abstract: Based on the microeconomic data from Chinese industrial enterprises during the 1998-2007 period,this paper investigates the mechanism and effect of environment regulation on aggregate productivity growth from the point of view of intra-and inter-firm effects.The results show that environmental regulation induces greater production allocation to enterprises with higher productivity,while promoting the exit of low-productivity enterprises,which leads to optimisation and reallocation of market resources.However,environmental regulation reduces the intra-firm productivity growth level,and does not present the innovation compensation effect,which may be induced by environmental regulation.In calculating the contribution of the different pathways to the aggregate productivity growth mechanism,it is found that environmental regulation contributes less to the industrial aggregate productivity change during the sampling period.Among these,the intra-firm effect is minimal,and inter-firm resource reallocation constitutes the main way for environmental regulation to affect the aggregate productivity growth.At the same time,the study finds that the turnover effect fails to play its due role because of the effect of environmental regulation,which drives the aggregate productivity growth,while providing policy direction and guidance for environmental protection to play a positive role in promoting supply-side reforms.

Key words: environmental regulation, aggregate productivity, intra-firm effects, inter-firm effects

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