世界经济 ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 144-166.

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国际人才流入与中国企业的研发投入

魏浩, 袁然   

  1. 北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院 100875
  • 出版日期:2018-12-10 发布日期:2018-12-17
  • 作者简介:魏浩,电子信箱:weihao9989@163.com。

International Talent Inflow and R&D Investment of Chinese Enterprises

Wei Hao, Yuan Ran   

  • Online:2018-12-10 Published:2018-12-17

摘要: 本文将中国制造业企业的微观数据与省市的国际人才流入数据相结合,研究国际人才流入对中国制造业企业研发投入的影响。研究结果表明:国际人才流入可以显著促进中国企业研发投入,但这种效应因地区差异性和企业异质性有所不同。稳健性检验和内生性处理结果表明,本文的研究结论稳健。因此,我们应重视国际人才引进,实行更为开放的国际人才引进政策,降低国际人才流入壁垒,扩大国际人才的引进规模,充分发挥国际人才跨国流动的研发促进效应,加快推动中国经济转向高质量发展。

关键词: 国际人才流入, 制造业企业, 研发投入, 异质性企业

Abstract: This paper combines provincial data of international talent inflow and micro-data from Chinese manufacturing firms, to empirically study the impact of the international talent inflow on R&D investment of manufacturing firms in China. Empirical results show that the international talent inflow can significantly promote the R&D investment increase of Chinese enterprises. However, this effect varies based on regional differences and firms' heterogeneity. The results obtained for both robustness checks and endogenous treatment are robust. The Chinese government should therefore attach significant importance to the issue of international talent. More open policies and barrier-reducing initiatives should be implemented with the objective of broadening the scale of international talent inflow. Only in this way will China be able to make full use of the R&D promoting effect of the international talent inflow, thus accelerating the economic transformation towards high-quality development.

Key words: international talent inflow, manufacturing firms, R&D investment, heterogeneous firms

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