世界经济 ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 169-192.

• • 上一篇    

异质性企业与贸易政策:一个文献综述

钱学锋, 王备   

  1. 中南财经政法大学工商管理学院 中南财经政法大学新时代开放型经济研究中心 湖北省武汉市东湖新技术开发区南湖大道182号 430073
  • 出版日期:2018-07-10 发布日期:2018-07-18
  • 通讯作者: 钱学锋(通讯作者),电子信箱:xfqian@126.com E-mail:xfqian@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(71773142)、国家社会科学基金重大专项项目(18VSJ046)及中南财经政法大学博士研究生科研创新项目(2017B1004)的阶段性成果。

Heterogeneous Firms and Trade Policy: A Survey

Qian Xuefeng, Wang Bei   

  • Online:2018-07-10 Published:2018-07-18

摘要: 随着企业异质性贸易理论的发展,诸多文献从微观企业层面探究了一国贸易政策制定的动因及其福利影响。企业作为宏观经济的微观主体与贸易的直接参与者,其内在特质与决策行为会对总体经济的发展和贸易利得产生重要影响。因此,将异质性企业纳入贸易政策模型框架进行考察,具有重要的理论与现实意义。更为重要的是,这在某种程度上能为现实中广泛存在的贸易保护提供更为合理的解释。本文系统梳理了异质性企业与贸易政策的相关文献,并从贸易政策的实施动机、政策工具选择、作用机制以及福利影响等角度,对相关理论和经验研究加以归纳总结和述评,以期为中国更好地推进全球化战略提供借鉴。

关键词: 企业异质性, 贸易政策, 内生机制, 福利分配

Abstract: Thanks to the further development of the Firm-based Trade Theory, many literatures have explored and revealed the internal causes and welfare implications derived from the implementation of a country's trade policy in a model with heterogeneity of firms. There is no doubt that heterogeneous firm, as the main microcosmic performers of macroeconomics and international trade, with their intrinsic characteristics and decision-making behaviour, will have a direct impact on the endogenous choice and gains of a country's trade policy. Therefore, it is of theoretical and practical significance to introduce heterogeneous firms into the analysis framework for trade policy. More importantly, to some extent these works provide a more rational theoretical explanation structure for the protection of trade that prevails in the real world. Based on the relevant research, we begin with a brief discussion of the characteristics and applicability of the different benchmark models. We then summarise the endogenous formation mechanism and the welfare effects of heterogeneous firms and trade policy models under different scenarios. The analysis of trade policy with firm heterogeneity will provide possible reference for China to better implement its globalization strategy.

Key words: firm heterogeneity, trade policy, endogenous mechanism, welfare distribution

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