世界经济 ›› 2017, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (8): 143-166.

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外商直接投资进入是否增进了中国城市基础设施绩效

苑德宇1, 李德刚1, 杨志勇2   

  1. 1. 对外经济贸易大学国际经济贸易学院 北京市朝阳区惠新东街10号 100029;
    2. 中国社会科学院财经战略研究院 北京市朝阳区曙光西里28号中冶大厦12层 100028
  • 出版日期:2017-08-10 发布日期:2017-09-12
  • 作者简介:苑德宇,E-mail:ydy251@163.com;杨志勇,E-mail:zyyang@cass.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    本文得到了国家自然科学基金青年项目"基础设施驱动经济空间集聚的理论机制、经验证据及政策方案优化研究"(71503042)、国家社会科学基金重大项目"公共经济学理论体系创新研究"(14&ZDB121)和"对外经济贸易大学研究生科研创新基金"的资助

Does the Entry of FDI Enhance the Performance of Urban Infrastructure in China?

Yuan Deyu1, Li Degang1, Yang Zhiyong2   

  • Online:2017-08-10 Published:2017-09-12

摘要: 本文基于2008-2013年中国645个城市的数据,构建"反事实框架"并利用倾向得分匹配法,系统考察了外商直接投资(FDI)进入对城市基础设施绩效的影响,结果显示:FDI进入对城市基础设施绩效产生了显著的"增进效应",这不仅显著表现于"资金效应"方面,还显著表现在"技术效应"方面;上述技术效应随年份的推移呈逐渐扩大态势,并且具有"累积式"滞后特征,即FDI进入所带来的先进技术或管理经验需经历一定时期才能对城市基础设施绩效的提升起促进作用。本文结论可为在中国新型城镇化进程中充分、有效地利用外资提供政策启示。

关键词: 外商直接投资进入, 城市基础设施绩效, 倾向得分匹配法

Abstract: In this paper, based on the data of 645 cities (county-level cities and municipal districts) from 2008 to 2013, we investigate the effects of FDI's entry(EFDI) on urban infrastructure performance via a counterfactual framework and propensity score matching method. The results show that EFDI significantly increased urban infrastructure performance through both "capital effect" and "technical effect"; The general effect of EFDI remained significantly positive during the whole data period and gradually increased; The technical effect of EFDI was cumulatively hysteretic, that is to say, the advanced technology and managerial experience within FDI needed a certain period of learning or adjustment before taking effect. Under the new pattern of economic development, the conclusions above can provide some policy implications for comprehensively and effectively utilizing foreign capital in China's New Urbanization process.

Key words: entry of FDI, urban infrastructure performance, propensity score matching

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