世界经济 ›› 2017, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (6): 120-144.

• 马克思主义与当代世界经济学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

高行政层级城市是否更有利于企业生产率的提升

谢小平, 汤萱, 傅元海   

  1. 广州大学经济与统计学院 广州市番禺区广州大学城外环西路230号 510006
  • 出版日期:2017-06-10 发布日期:2017-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 汤萱:txtangxuan@163.com E-mail:txtangxuan@163.com
  • 作者简介:谢小平:xiexp@gzhu.edu.cn;傅元海:fuyuanhai1126@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    作者感谢教育部人文社会科学规划青年项目(13YJC790165)和一般项目(14YJAZH007)、国家自然科学基金面上项目(71473050)的资助

Do Cities with High Administrative Level Help Enterprises to Improve Productivity?

Xie Xiaoping, Tang Xuan, Fu Yuanhai   

  • Online:2017-06-10 Published:2017-06-15

摘要: 本文研究发现,与进入其他城市相比,进入高层级城市后新企业生产率的提升更为缓慢。在中国独特的城市行政层级架构下,企业设址在高层级城市可通过资源行政配置获得更多好处,企业为争取更多资源可能会迎合政府的各种诉求,导致资源错配,不利于企业生产率的提升。本文基于中国工业企业数据,分析了新企业选址时的权衡,并考察了它们进入不同层级城市后对政府特定目标的响应行为,证实了上述假说,揭示了中国高层级城市中企业集聚和生产率溢价的特殊之处。

关键词: 城市行政层级, 资源行政配置, 企业集聚, 企业生产率提升

Abstract: In many developing countries, China for example, enterprises tend to agglomerate in a few cities with large population and high administrative levels. However, this paper finds that the productivity of new enterprises raise more slowly in these cities. We set up a theoretical framework to explain this paradox. The results show that under the distinctive urban administration hierarchy structure in China, enterprises agglomerate not only for the purpose of improving productivity, but also for the benefit from resource administrative allocation. When they enter cities with high administrative levels, enterprises will cater to the needs of local government in order to gain extra benefit. Such behaviors can lead to resource misallocation and impede the productivity improvement of enterprises. The empirical results confirm these hypotheses.

Key words: urban administration hierarchy, resources administrative allocation, enterprise agglomeration, improvement of enterprise productivity

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