世界经济 ›› 2017, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (6): 48-71.

• 马克思主义与当代世界经济学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中间品进口的来源地结构与中国企业生产率

魏浩, 李翀, 赵春明   

  1. 北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院 北京市新街口外大街19号 100875
  • 出版日期:2017-06-10 发布日期:2017-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 魏浩:weihao9989@163.com E-mail:weihao9989@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文是国家自然科学基金项目(71473020)、教育部社科基金项目(14YJA790058)以及北京社科基金重点项目(15JGA005)的阶段性研究成果

Imported Intermediate Inputs' Sourcing Structure and Total Factor Productivity of Chinese Firms

Wei Hao, Li Chong, Zhao Chunming   

  • Online:2017-06-10 Published:2017-06-15

摘要: 本文首次从进口来源地结构的角度分析了中间品进口对企业全要素生产率的影响。研究结果表明:中间品进口来源地数目增多、进口来源地集中度下降有利于企业全要素生产率水平的提升;同时从发展中国家和发达国家都进口企业、一般贸易进口企业、外资企业、有出口行为企业的生产率提升效应显著;进口来源地结构主要通过进口种类多元化带来的生产互补机制提升企业生产率,其中,进口异质产品的进口企业效应较大,而进口价格下降带来的成本节约机制没有显著作用。因此,中国应鼓励有能力的企业同时从发达国家和发展中国家进口,使其享受中间品多样化带来的生产互补收益;而在发达国家的进口市场上,鼓励企业开拓多个进口渠道,降低对某几个发达国家的过度依赖。

关键词: 中间品进口, 进口来源地, 全要素生产率

Abstract: This paper empirically studies the influence of import sourcing structure on the total factor productivity (TFP) of Chinese firms. The results indicate that the increase in the number of import origin countries, the decrease of import concentration have positive effects on the improvement of TFP. The biggest improvement occurs in those importing-firms who import from both developing and developed countries, do non-processing trade, are foreign owned, as well as do export business. Imported intermediate inputs' sourcing structure has positive effect on the improvement of firms' TFP mainly through the productive complementary mechanism, and has a greater effect on heterogeneous product importing firms; while the cost saving mechanism of decreasing import price has no significant effect. The China government should encourage our firms to import from both developed and developing countries at the same time in order to get the complementary production gains from the diversification of intermediate inputs. When importing from developed countries, Chinese firms should establish various import channels from similar countries and reduce the excessive dependence on some developed countries.

Key words: imported intermediate inputs, import sourcing countries, total factor productivity

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