世界经济 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 170-192.

• • 上一篇    

农民工的社会资本如何形成:基于社会网络的分析

周晔馨1, 涂勤1, 梁斌2, 叶静怡3   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学经济与资源管理研究院 创新发展研究中心 北京市海淀区新街口外大街19号 100875;
    2. 内蒙古大学经济管理学院;
    3. 北京大学经济学院
  • 出版日期:2019-02-10 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 涂勤:电子信箱:tuqin@bnu.edu.cn E-mail:tuqin@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:周晔馨:电子信箱:zhouyexin@bnu.edu.cn;梁斌:电子信箱:hellobin@126.com;叶静怡:电子信箱:yejingyi@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(71773010)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(SKZZY2014028、SKXJS2014007)以及国家自然科学基金地区项目(71563035)的资助。

How is the Social Capital of Rural-Urban Migrant Workers Formed?

Zhou Yexin1, Tu Qin1, Liang Bin2, Ye Jingyi3   

  • Online:2019-02-10 Published:2019-02-25

摘要: 在微观社会资本"源头"逐渐成为研究前沿的背景下,对中国转型期农民工社会资本形成机制和影响因素的研究更显重要。本文结合个人社会网络的主要特征,构建了农民工社会资本的动态投资模型。理论模型的结果显示,个人人力资本水平对社会资本流量和存量均有正向影响;迁移概率和社区专用性则对社会资本流量和存量有负向影响。基于北京市农民工调查数据和工具变量的经验分析基本支持模型结论,但不同因素对以"质"或"量"度量的社会资本,以及对新增社会资本存量或流量影响的显著性有所不同。本文为中国城市化进程中制订促进农民工社会资本形成的政策提供了较为稳健的理论框架和经验依据。

关键词: 农民工, 社会资本, 社会网络, 资本形成

Abstract: The origin of social capital has gradually become a source of first-line exploration and research,highlighting its importance in understanding the formation mechanism and the factors influencing rural-urban migrant workers' social capital in the transition period in China.Combining the main characteristics of the individual social network,we develop a dynamic model with human capital to investigate the investment mechanism of rural-urban migrant social capital.We find that on the optimal path the level of human capital has a positive effect on both the flow and stock of individual social capital,but the high migration probability and the strong community specificity produce a negative effect on both.By using rural-urban migrant survey data collected in Beijing and instrumental variables with 2SLS and GMM,we find that the evidence essentially supports the theoretical results of our model.However,the effects of the factors differ under different measures of social capital based on "quality" or "quantity",and there are also significant differences produced by these effects on the new stock or flow of social capital.This paper provides a robust theoretical and empirical basis for policy-making on promoting the social capital formation of migrant workers during the fast urbanisation of China.

Key words: rural-urban migrant workers, social capital, social network, capital formation

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